Origin: United States of America
Weight: Male dog 32 – 54 kg Bully type 39 - 59 kg
Female dog 27 - 41 kg
Height: Male dog 20 – 28 inches / 50 – 71 cm
Female dog 20 - 24 inches / 50.8 – 61 cm
Appearance: The American Bulldog is a medium-sized, stocky, strong and powerful breed with a large head and a well-built muscular body. Their coat is short and traditionally pure white or white with patches of red, black, or brindle. In recent years many new colour variations have developed within the breed, they can now be seen in black, red, brown, fawn, and all shades of brindle. The head of the American Bulldog is square and broad, something which is typical of the Mastiff family of which they are a part. Their small, half-pricked, pendant shaped ears also reflect their mastiff heritage. The nose and eye rims of the breed can be somewhat pink though black is preferred.
Temperament: American Bulldogs are loyal, energetic, social and active dogs. They’re naturally assertive and dominant, so need an experienced owner who is able to establish a role as leader of the pack. American Bulldogs will bond very strongly with a respected owner and despite their strong appearance are a rather emotional breed. These are instinctively territorial dogs, capable of aggression when threatened or in defence of their family.
Skills: American Bulldogs were originally bred as hunting and guard dogs, as working dogs in farms and even to defend early American settlers against wild pigs. They do well in dog sports, being smart, agile, responsive to training and capable of leaping up to 6 foot in height. They’re also still used as guardian dogs or simply as loyal household pets.
Behaviour Towards Other Animals and Children: Early socialisation and careful training is necessary to bring out the best of this breed and produce a friendly, responsive and playful pet. Providing this is done with care American Bulldogs have a reputation of being great with children, and tolerant of both kids and other pets.
Common Health Problems: Notable problems include disorders of the kidney and thyroid, hip dysplasia, cherry eye, elbow dysplasia, entropion, ectropion, and bone cancer. There are DNA tests available to screen against the genetic disorder neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL). It is important to buy American Bulldogs from reputable breeders to ensure a healthy pet and to retain all breeding paperwork to establish that your pet is indeed an American Bulldog not the unrelated Pit Bull Terrier which can look somewhat similar but is a banned breed.
Lifespan: 10 – 15 years