Origin: Southern California.
Type: Pedigree cat.
Size: Small to medium.
Coat Length: Short hair and long hair.
Body Type: Semi-foreign.
Appearance: The American Curl is a small to mediumsized cat. The males usually weigh an average 3 to 4.5kg and females between 23.5kg. The most characteristic feature is this cat’s curled ears. Their coat can be either short or long and in variety of colours and patterns. The Curl’s tail is flexible and as long as the body. The nose is normal and straight, and the eyes are relatively large in various colours.
Grooming Requirement: For cats with shorter hair grooming is required every two weeks. For those with long hair – twice a week.
Activity Level: High.
Time Alone: 48 hours a day.
Attention: It needs a lot of attention.
Temperament: The American Curls are calm animals and love to be among people. Don’t expect to hear a lot from them though, their voice is quite soft. They are loyal and often get extremely attached to their owners. Playful and easy adaptable, these cats are great family pets.
• Another common name for this breed is “Peter Pan” this is because Curls often retain their playful kittenlike temperament throughout their lives.
• The distinct shape of the ears develops a few days after birth but they are naturally born with normal ones.
• The Cat Fanciers Association accepted the American Curl as the one and only breed with two coat lengths within the breed standard.
Behaviour Toward Other Animals and Children: The American Curl is a friendly pet. It enjoys the company of both children and adults. The Curl behaves well with other cats and dogs too as long as they are not aggressive or were raised together.
Common Health Problems: The American Curl is in fact a healthy breed. Genetic defects are rare to nonexistent.
Lifespan: Average 1416 years.
Origin and History
American Curls are one of the youngest cat breeds. They were bred through natural selection in the last quarter of the 20th century, with the first American Curl exhibited at a cat show in 1986. The etymology of the breed’s name is rooted in their unusual, arc-shaped ears, and their American origin. Their bloodlines lead to Shulamith, a stray black kitten with a natural mutation which caused its ears to curl back. Enthusiasts began selectively breeding such cats in 1983, and by 1992 they had received full recognition by all major Cat Associations. The American Curl cat is known for being strong and healthy, and the breed has spread across the world in the USA, Europe, Japan and Russia.
The American Curl is the first single breed with two coat lenghts, recognised by the CFA. The breed has a minimal undercoat and sheds little. They also come in numerous colours, all of which are recognised as breed standards. The ears are designed exclusively by Mother Nature – curled back as rose petals. Some American Curls have straight ears but most cat show standards require an arc of 90-180 degrees. As the arc is a product of a natural genetic mutation, all Curl to Curl breeding produces kittens with curled ears. TICA specifies the cats are well-balanced and medium-sized, with walnut-shaped eyes and rectangular bodies.
American Curls are easy to take care for. Both varieties of the breed should be kept indoors to avoid diseases spread by other cats, and accidents. The kittens enjoy running and playing, and need company and attention. American Curls are affectionate and perfect for families with children. They are fairly intelligent and you need to engage their minds. As they are a muscular breed, you must provide your kitten with toys and cat trees to exercise with.
American Curls do not have any specific diet requirements. However, you should consider their muscular build when you feed them – the breed requires more proteins than other cats, and it is a good idea to include meat and fat at least once a day.
Quality and quantity of the food
* Provide high quality and very nutritious food;
* You should include meat and fats at least once a day;
* The diet should be mixed – include small doses of carrots, cheese and corn;
Food to avoid
The breed does not have any genetic health problems. A healthy cat requires visits to the veterinary only for inoculations. However, if fed with carbohydrates, American Curls can develop cat diabetes, which might be fatal.
American Curls lack excessive undercoat and thus combing and brushing is fairly easy. There’s little to almost no shedding and bath is rarely necessary. The cat has good grooming habits and this makes it a good breed for people, allergic to cats, as you will rarely spot hairs around your home.