Type: Companion Dog
Weight: Toy: 2.7 – 4.5 kg / 6–10 lbs
Miniature: 4.5 – 7.7 kg / 10–17 lbs
Standard: 8.2 – 16 kg / 18–25 lbs
Height: Toy: 20.9 30.5 cm / 9–12 inches
Miniature: 30.5 – 38.1 cm / 12–15 inches
Standard: 38.1 50.8 cm / 15–20 inches
Appearance: Despite the name, the breed’s ancestors are the German Spitz, the American Eskimo dog is a member of the Spitz family. They present in three sizes – toy, miniature and standard. Their coat is always double, with a short, dense undercoat and a longer, straight top coat. The colour is either white or white and biscuit cream. Hair is longer on the rump and hind legs and round the neck and chest, leading to a lionlike ruff, which is more pronounced in males. The tail is richly plumed and carried over the back. The ears are erect and triangular and the nose, lips and eye rims are black.
Temperament: American Eskimo dogs are blessed with an alert, intelligent and inquisitive nature. They can be reserved around strangers but are affectionate, protective and friendly towards their family. They need a firm and loving owner to feel secure within their pack, without this they can suffer from separation anxiety or have a tendency to bark excessively. With plenty of physical exercise and mental stimulation expect an American Eskimo to develop into a happy, playful, hardy and loving dog.
Skills: The intelligence, alertness and instinctive desire to please of this breed makes them naturals for obedience championships. American Eskimos have often been trained as circus dogs. They’re curious, love to investigate and are a pleasure to train. They make great watchdogs or family companion dogs.
Behaviour Toward Other Animals and Children: These friendly, tolerant dogs make great family pets and are one of the preferred breeds for families with young children. They’ll get concerned when a child or baby is crying or upset. Early training and socialisation is always important, but American Eskimo dogs can easily become friends to all the family, including other pets.
Common Health Problems: Generally a healthy breed but can have a tendency towards allergies, dental issues and often tearstaining. American Eskimos can have a tendency to weight issues so balanced and controlled diet is important to avoid obesity and associated health problems.
Lifespan: Average 16 years.