Type: Toy dog
Weight: 1.9 – 3.5kg
Height: 5 -11in. (13-28cm)
Appearance: Pomeranians are small with a highly textured coat and a furry tail. The fur forms a coat on the neck, and is also abundant on the hindquarters. The most common breed colours are brown and black, but they can also be found in a white, red, orange, cream, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, brindle, and combinations of these colours.
Temperament: The Pomeranian is totally orientated towards its owner. Their protectiveness can sometimes seem like aggression towards other people and their tendency to constant barking adds to this impression. In general, this is a lively and playful dog breed. Pomeranians require a good amount of training and love being centre of attention, for which they will do anything. Jealousy is a typical feature of this breed of dog, and if permitted to do so will become dominant towards their owners.
Skills: As a toy classified dog, skills are not usually something people consider when choosing Pomeranians. They are friendly and great companions, but not effective as protection and are not used for military or guard dog purposes.
Behaviour Towards Other Animals and Children: The Pomeranian is not a recommended dog breed for families with young children. Their constant attention-seeking can make them aggressive towards children, as they will compete with them for the attention of parents/owners. Pomeranians are also possessive of toys and food which has a potential to bring them into conflict with children, even to the point of biting to protect ‘their’ possessions. Their excessive barking may not be well tolerated by other animals. Generally speaking this breed is best as a single pet in a quiet adult household.
Common Health Problems: Merle dogs are thought to often suffer from deafness, increased, intraocular pressure, ametropia, microphthalmia, and colobomas. Abnormalities are also witnessed in dogs bred from merle parents. Other health issues are: Luxating patella, tracheal collapse, hair loss, darkening of the skin, cryptorchidism.
Lifespan: Average 12 to 16 years.